fouling simulators (MFS) are developed to quickly evaluate biofouling growth in
reverse osmosis systems. It consists of a small cell with a RO membrane and
spacer. The system measures the pressure drop profile over time, which will
increase due to biofouling. MFS is used to study the advanced imaging
techniques for biofilm monitoring, and in-situ non-destructive studies on
biofouling processes in Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane systems.