Research Interests

Muhammad's research investigates various ecological and microbial aspects of advanced biological wastewater treatment processes, including aerobic granular sludge (AGS) system and biological nitrogen removal processes, particularly anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process. His primary focus is to understand these engineered ecosystems by metagenomics and metatranscriptomics profiling using high-throughput sequencing, which includes next-generation "short-read" and third-generation "long-read" sequencing methods. Further understanding of these bioprocesses' application would optimize wastewater reuse technologies to provide fit-for-purpose reuse water quality with minimum energy inputs, resources, and carbon footprint.


Selected Publications


Education Profile

  • ​Ph.D., Environmental Engineering, Division of Environmental Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, 2015
  • M.S., Environmental Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2009

Professional Profile

  • ​2019-Present: Research Scientist, KAUST, Saudi Arabia
  • 2016-Present: Postdoctoral Fellow, KAUST, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-2016:  Research Fellow, Laboratory of Water Quality Control Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
  • 2010-2012:  Lecturer, IESE (SCEE), National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

KAUST Affiliations

  • ​​Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC)
  • Biological and Environmental Sciences & Engineering Division (BESE)