Startup and stability of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of OFMSW

M. El-Fadel, P.E. Saikaly, S. Ghanimeh
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 43, Issue 24, p. 2685-2721, (2012)

Startup and stability of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of OFMSW

Keywords

Anaerobic digestion, Mixing, Municipal solid waste, Stability, Startup

Abstract

​Anaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) is promoted as an energy source and more recently as a greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation measure. In this context, AD systems operating at thermophilic temperatures (55–60°C)—compared to mesophilic temperatures (35–40°C)—have the unique feature of producing hygienic soil conditioners with greater process efficiency, higher energy yield, and more GHG savings. Startup of AD systems is often constrained by the lack of acclimated seeds, leading to process instability and failure. The authors focus on strategies to startup thermophilic digesters treating OFMSW in the absence of acclimated seeds and examines constraints associated with process stability and ways to overcome them. Relevant gaps in the literature and future research needs are delineated.

Code

 DOI:10.1080/10643389.2012.694333

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