Analysis of direct contact membrane distillation based on a lumped-parameter dynamic predictive model

A.M. Karam, A.S. Alsaadi, N. Ghaffour, T.M. Laleg-Kiratia
Desalination, Volume 402, pp. 50-61, (2017)

Analysis of direct contact membrane distillation based on a lumped-parameter dynamic predictive model

Keywords

Direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD), Dynamic modeling, Electrical analogy, Flux predictions, Heat and mass transfer, Spacial temperature distribution, Time response

Abstract

​Membrane distillation (MD) is an emerging technology that has a great potential for sustainable water desalination. In order to pave the way for successful commercialization of MD-based water desalination techniques, adequate and accurate dynamical models of the process are essential. This paper presents the predictive capabilities of a lumped-parameter dynamic model for direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) and discusses the results under wide range of steady-state and dynamic conditions. Unlike previous studies, the proposed model captures the time response of the spacial temperature distribution along the flow direction. It also directly solves for the local temperatures at the membrane interfaces, which allows to accurately model and calculate local flux values along with other intrinsic variables of great influence on the process, like the temperature polarization coefficient (TPC). The proposed model is based on energy and mass conservation principles and analogy between thermal and electrical systems. Experimental data was collected to validated the steady-state and dynamic responses of the model. The obtained results shows great agreement with the experimental data. The paper discusses the results of several simulations under various conditions to optimize the DCMD process efficiency and analyze its response. This demonstrates some potential applications of the proposed model to carry out scale up and design studies.

Code

DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2016.09.002

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