M. Burhan, M.W. Shahzad, K.C. Ng
Energy Conversion and Management, volume 148, pp. 90-99, (2017)
Electrical rating, CPV, Concentrated photovoltaic, Long term performance, Solar tracker, MJC
Owing to the diverse photovoltaic (PV) systems’ design and technology, as well as the dynamic nature of insolation data received on the aperture surfaces, the instantaneous output from a PV system fluctuates greatly. For accurate performance estimation of a large PV field, thel ong term performance as electrical output is a more rational approach over the conventional testing methods, such as at Standard Testing Conditions (STC) and at the Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT) available hitherto. In this paper, the long-term performances of concentrated PVs (Cassegrain reflectors and Fresnel lens) with 2-axes tracking and a variety of PV systems, namely the stationary flat-plate PV (mono-crystalline, poly-crystalline and thin-films CIS types), is presented over a period of one year for the merit comparison of system design, under the tropical weather conditions of Singapore. From the measured field performances, the total energy output of 240.2 kW h/m2/year is recorded for CPV operation in Singapore, which is nearly two folds higher than the stationary PV panels.