Advanced Polymeric and Organic–Inorganic Membranes for Pressure-Driven Processes

N.L. Le, P.H.H. Duong, S.P. Nunes
Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering - Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering (Second Edition), volume 1, pp.120-136, (2017)

Advanced Polymeric and Organic–Inorganic Membranes for Pressure-Driven Processes

Keywords

Block copolymers, Carbon molecular sieve, Carbon nanotubes, CO2 separation, Gas separation, Membrane materials, Mixed-matrix membranes, Nanocomposites, Nanofiltration, Organicinorganic, Responsive membranes, Reverse osmosis, Self-assembly

Abstract

​The state-of-the-art of membranes for reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, and gas separation is shortly reviewed, taking in account the most representative examples currently in application. Emphasis is also done on recent developments of advanced polymeric and organic–inorganic materials for pressure-driven processes. Many of the more recent membranes are not only polymeric but also contain an inorganic phase. Tailoring innovative materials with organic and inorganic phases coexisting in a nanoscale with multifunctionalization is an appealing approach to control at the same time diffusivity and gas solubility. Other advanced materials that are now being considered for membrane development are organic or organic–inorganic self-assemblies, metal-organic frameworks, and different forms of carbon fillers.

Code

DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.12275-9

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