Outfalls of desalination plants can be negatively or positively buoyant plumes. Such plumes can have adverse environmental impacts. Thus, it is important to use suitable design methods to reach a desirable level of dilution within a certain distance from the outfalls. This presentation will introduce the modelling methods and some of the latest research results related to outfall systems and the mixing of effluents in water bodies. From a hydraulic perspective, it will focus on outfall systems and their effluent mixing.
Dr. Majid Mohammadian is a Professor (2018) at the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Ottawa (Canada) working on analyzing environmental problems. He is a professional Civil Engineer (P.Eng.). He obtained his Ph.D. degree from Laval University in the field of applied mathematics and has research experience at M.I.T. with a focus on the numerical simulation of hydrodynamic systems such as shallow water flows. His area of research includes numerical simulation of water bodies, and experimental and numerical modeling of marine outfall systems. He uses laser-induced fluorescence and particle image velocimetry for laboratory studies and OpenFOAM for numerical simulations. He is the current chair of the IAHR-IWA Joint Committee on Marine Outfall Systems.